Smoking Fetish Of Women

According to one of the researches, it has been found that the smell and taste of cigarettes play a greater role in women’s smoking behavior than in that of men. Another study found that cognitive-behavioral therapy aimed at changing attitudes about weight promotes smoking cessation by women. Even if we compare their stats with men, we’ll be surprised to know that the guys who smoke are one out of every three. However, while smoking as well as smoking-related deaths from such diseases as lung cancer have been falling in men, they have been increasing in women. Smoking, in fact, takes a greater toll on the health of women than men; a smoking woman loses, on an average, 15 years of her life while a smoking man loses just over 13 years.

In the first half of the 20th century, lung cancer in women was extremely atypical. In addition to that smoking wasn’t very ubiquitous. Unfortunately, that soon changed when the tobacco industry started targeting women. In 1964, the first Surgeon General’s Report on Smoking and Health was released and it became clear that smoking was a deadly habit which engulfed 45 percentages of women all over. A media campaign followed and smoking rates began to fall, as did tobacco industry profits. But the rates declined more in men than women; the tobacco industry had started their own media campaign, once again marketing directly to women.

Lung Cancer

By 1987, lung cancer had outdone breast cancer as the leading cause of cancer deaths in women.
Today, more women die each year from lung cancer than breast cancer, uterine cancer, and ovarian cancers combined. In fact, lung cancer among women is now considered a scourge, killing almost 75,000 in the US last year. Women appear to be more vulnerable to lung cancer than men, and they tend to get it at younger ages.

Symptoms of Lung Cancer

o Shortness of breath

o Fever with an unknown cause

o Hoarseness

o Chest pain

o Wheezing

o Coughing up blood

o Chronic cough

o Weight loss & loss of appetite

o Repeated bouts of bronchitis or pneumonia

Other Smoking influenced Diseases in Women

While lung cancer might be the most lethal disease caused by smoking, it’s not the only one. Smoking doubles the risk of having a heart attack, and increases the risk of dying from a heart attack within the first hour. This is an especially serious problem for women since women are more likely to die after a first heart attack than men. Women who use birth control pills; and smoke are at especially high risk of having a heart attack.

Smoking also increases the risk of other cancers, including breast, uterine cancer, bladder and oral cancer. Smoking also increases a woman’s risk of low bone density and osteoporosis.

Smoking-Related Disorders in Women

o Heart disease

o Stroke

o Lung cancer

o Emphysema

o Oral cancer

o Uterine cancer

o Breast cancer

o Bladder cancer

o Rectal cancer

o Colorectal polyps

o Osteoporosis

o Infertility

o Early Menopause

o Miscarriages

o Stillbirths

Family Matters

Smoking is not just bad for women; it’s bad for their families and future families as well. Smoking can cause infertility in women. If a woman becomes pregnant, smoking increases her risk of miscarriages, stillbirths and premature births. Mothers who smoke during pregnancy are also more likely to have babies with asthma, sleeping disorders and chronic ear infections than non-smoking mothers. The menstrual cycle phase has an effect on both mood and tobacco withdrawal symptoms for women trying to quit smoking — a finding that clearly suggests that women could improve their success rate simply by starting their quit attempt during certain days of their cycle.

Cosmetic and Other Considerations

Ironically, teens and young women often think smoking is sexy and glamorous. However, the consequences — such as stained fingers and teeth, tooth loss, gum disease, bad breath — are anything but sexy and glamorous. Smoking also hastens the aging process most likely because of its adverse effect on estrogen. It can cause early menopause, facial wrinkling, and permanent voice lowering and urinary incontinence.

Old Habits Die Hard

Women and girls are not only more susceptible than men to the negative consequences of smoking; they are more likely to become addicted to cigarettes even when smoking comparable amounts.

Nicotine is one of the most addictive substances known to a man…and woman. Researchers are studying gender differences in smoking behavior and working to develop treatment plans that will help more women end their nicotine addiction. In fact, nicotine is considered more addictive than heroin or cocaine. And nicotine is more addictive for women than men.

The highly addictive nature of nicotine is a major reason why most people have difficulty quitting smoking, and women have a harder time quitting than men. Another thing that makes quitting difficult for women is the weight gain that, unfortunately, often accompanies quitting smoking. On the other hand, the weight gain, which rarely exceeds five pounds, can be reversed by a healthy diet and exercise.

More importantly, quitting smoking can also reverse many of the deadly consequences of the habit.

Weighing the Benefits

A woman who stops smoking reduces her risk of stroke to pre-smoking levels. Within a year, her smoking-related risk of heart disease drops by 50 percent. After three years, the risk of a heart attack is no greater than for a woman who never smoked. Within five years, her smoking-related risk of heart disease can disappear altogether. Clearly, the benefits of quitting outweigh the possibility of any weight gain. So think again…Are we going the right way?

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How Many People Die an Hour Smoking?

Recently, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) embarked on a major 50 state anti-smoking effort. The thrust of the program is to enhance public education and to develop a national anti-smoking policy. Simply stated, the goal is to reduce the death count (and related illnesses) from smoking in the United States. Currently some 444,000 people die annually from direct and indirect tobacco diseases.

Men still dominate the statistics with about 270,000 fatalities per year (averaged between 2000 and 2004); female deaths totaled 174,000 during the same period.

This means that during an average 10-year period, nearly 4.5 million people in the U.S. alone will die prematurely due to the use of cigarettes.

Results globally are equally staggering. According to a study led by researchers at the University of Queensland and the Harvard School of Public Health, around 5 million people died from smoking-related causes in 2000. Men were even more likely than women to succumb to smoking-related diseases. In developing countries, for example, more than 80 percent of deaths were among men.

While these numbers are impressive, consider adjusting them to an hourly time frame. Using an average of 365.25 days per year (incorporating leap years), an average year has 8766 hours. This means that almost 51 people die due to smoking every hour in the U.S. That’s about one person every minute.

Globally, the smoking-related death toll is around 570 people per hour or almost 10 people per minute.

Smoking does more than kill, however. Statistics amassed by the American Cancer Society (ACS) and others show that smoking brings along many other negatives (e.g., reduced quality of life, shortened life spans, loss of productivity, increased sick days, greater risk of heart and lung disease and increased risks associated with pregnancy and childhood illnesses).

In fact, in 2000, the CDC estimates that about 8.6 million people were suffering from at least one chronic disease due to current or former smoking. Many of these people were actually suffering from more than one smoking-related condition – chronic bronchitis, emphysema, heart attacks, strokes, and cancer.

Thus, the efforts to curtail smoking are based on a solid health footing.

But, the CDC anti-smoking effort provides other insight into smoking across the U.S. Using a “smoking prevalence” index (the percentage of people in each state who have smoked at least 100 cigarettes in their lifetime and currently smoke regularly), the CDC found that the region from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi-Alabama Gulf Coast and from the Appalachians to the Mississippi River fared the worst. West Virginia topped the scales at 26.5 percent. But, Indiana (26 percent), Kentucky (25.2 percent), Missouri (25 percent) and Oklahoma (24.7 percent) led the Nation. Utah (9.3 percent) and California (14 percent) had the lowest smoking incidence.

Many of the lowest smoking states used one or more of the stop/prevent smoking strategies that the CDC has outlined in the past. These include increasing the price of tobacco products, enacting and enforcing smoke-free laws, curtailing tobacco advertising and promotion, enacting anti-smoking media campaigns, limiting access to tobacco products and encouraging and offering assistance to smokers to quit.

Further testimony to reducing cigarette use is linked to groups that promote nonsmoking as part of their religion. Mormons and Seventh-day Adventists have much lower rates of lung and other smoking-related cancers than most other groups

Quitting pays generous dividends, too. The CDC notes that the risk of developing most smoking illnesses lowers the longer one quits and younger one is when they do quit. In fact, people who stop smoking at younger ages gain the greatest benefits. Quitting by age 35 eliminates 90% of the risk due to tobacco use. Still, as the CDC notes, “The argument that ‘it is too late to quit smoking because the damage is already done,’ is not true.”

Alcohol and Smoking Causes Heart Attack

Through associated with lung cancers and breathing problems, the most important threat factor of alcohol consumption and smoking is the increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, mainly heart attacks and strokes.

For many people, quitting smoking and keeping away from alcohol is the best thing they can do to improve their heart and artery health.

Cigarettes have injurious multiple poisons, especially addictive nicotine, hydrogen cyanides, tars, carbon monoxide along with thousands of varying chemical toxins and 43 deadly carcinogens that together increase the risk of peripheral vascular and coronary heart diseases. When compared to non-smokers, smokers have more than twice the risk of heart attack. In both men and women, smoking alone increases the risk of fatal and non-fatal heart attacks. It increases blood pressure and consequent heart problems as it decreases the amount of oxygen rich blood to heart that lead to coronary heart diseases. Smoking causes damage to the tissues and cells of our body and also decreases the production of high-density cholesterol known as good cholesterol that is needed for the body for normal heart functioning. Furthermore, cigarette smoking acts with other risk factors that significantly increase the risk for coronary heart disease.

Smoking can also lead to risks of blood clotting as well as building up of cholesterol fats in the arteries- thereby increasing blood pressure, damage of arteries and heart disorders. The risk of heart disease increases with prolonged use. Patients who smoke after bypass surgery have increased risk of recurrent strokes. Frequent exposure to cigarette smoke is also bad for heart and artery health. In addition to heart disease, tobacco use also increases the risk of stroke, bronchitis, emphysema, osteoporosis and cancers of the lung, kidney, bladder, pancreas, lip, cervix, mouth, larynx, tongue, esophagus and throat. When the person stops smoking, the risk of heart attack and other diseases decrease significantly. Quitting smoking all of a sudden is not an easy task, though numerous aids and medications are available.

Alcohol consumption is one of the main reasons behind immature death caused by cardiovascular diseases. Consumed in moderate amounts, alcohol can prevent heart attacks. However, heavy drinking leads to various malfunctioning of our body such as increase of LDL cholesterol and decrease of HDL cholesterol, decreases coronary blood flow, decreases estrogen hormone level, induces blood clotting and increases aggregation of platelets. Excessive amount of alcohol also leads to increased blood pressure and consequently increases the risk of a heart attack. Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is a cardiovascular disease caused by the toxic effects of alcohol on human heart wherein heart becomes enlarged and weakened. Heavy drinking gives rise to congestive heart failure, increased triglyceride level and stroke.

Alcoholism is characterized by an unsatisfying urge to go on with drinking. Though alcoholic people are aware of the ill effects of alcohol, they are often unable to quit the bad habit completely. Quitting of alcohol requires moral and mental support along with medical supervision and medications. There are also various health supplements available today that can help in removing the toxic effects caused by smoking and alcohol consumption in the body. Such heart support supplements consist of ingredients that not only protect heart from future disorders, but also nourish heart and artery health.

Deaths and Disease From Smoking

Deaths in Australia

Tobacco smoking is one of the largest causes of preventable illness and death in Australia. Research estimates that two in three lifetime smokers will die from a disease caused by their smoking. The most recent estimate of deaths caused by tobacco in Australia is for the financial year 2004-05. Tobacco use caused a total of 14,901 deaths in that year.

Deaths in Victoria

The most recent estimate of deaths caused by tobacco in Victoria is for the financial year 2008-09. In that year, 3,793 people died from diseases caused by smoking. This figure includes the deaths of 8 children and 27 adults from secondhand smoke.

Disease and health problems caused by smoking

Cancers of the lung, throat, mouth, tongue, nose, nasal sinus, voice box, oesophagus, pancreas, stomach, liver, kidney, bladder, ureter, bowel, ovary, cervix, and bone marrow (myelitis leukemia). Smoking-related cancers accounted for about 13% of all cancer cases in 2010.

Heart disease. Around 30% of all cases of heart disease in those under 65 years are due to smoking.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPS) includes emphysema and small airways disease. Emphysema is rare in non-smokers.

Chronic bronchitis is a recurring cough together with frequent and increased phlegm. It occurs in about half of all heavy smokers.

Stroke. Smokers under 65 years are around three times more likely to have a stroke than non-smokers of the same age.

Peripheral vascular disease is a narrowing of the leg arteries that can lead to blockage and, in some cases, amputation. Cigarette smoking is the main risk factor for this disease.

Abdominal aortic aneurysm is the bursting of the lower part of the aorta leading from the heart. It often leads to sudden death. Cigarette smoking is the main preventable risk factor for this disease.

Type 2 diabetes, and higher risks for diseases associated with diabetes in people with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes.

Peptic ulcer disease in persons who are Helicopter pylori positive.

Eye diseases, such as oracular degeneration and cataracts.

Lower fertility in women.

Low bone density in older women and hip fractures in both sexes.

Periodontists, a dental disease that affects the gum and bone that supports the teeth.

Respiratory symptoms including shortness of breath, coughing, phlegm and wheezing. These symptoms occur in both child and adult smokers.

Faster decline in lung function, which is measured by how much air you can breathe out during a forced breath. All adults lose lung function as they age but this process occurs earlier and faster among smokers.

Impaired lung growth among child and adolescent smokers and early onset of lung function decline in late adolescence and early adulthood.

Problems during pregnancy and childbirth including restricted fetal growth and low birth weight, topic pregnancy, complications that can lead to bleeding in pregnancy and the need for cesarean section delivery, and shortened time in the womb and preterm delivery (the baby is carried for less than 37 weeks). Smoking during pregnancy also causes death in early infancy (particularly from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome), reduced lung function in childhood, and oral clefts (e.g. harelip) in infants.

Erectile dysfunction. Men who smoke increase their risk of impotence, and may have reduced semen volume, sperm count and sperm quality.

Tuberculosis disease and death.

Rheumatoid arthritis.

Worsening asthma. Smokers with asthma have poorer asthma control, faster decline in lung function, more airway inflammation, and get less benefit from some asthma medications, compared to non-smokers with asthma.

Smoking as a risk factor

Cigarette smoking is also a risk factor associated with a number of health problems, including:

Breast cancer in women.

Croon’s disease (a chronic bowel disease).

Back pain.

Cirrhosis of the liver and bile ducts, and pancreatic.

Complications during and after surgery, including delayed wound healing and increased risk of infection, drug interactions, lung complications and breathing difficulties.

Further complications during pregnancy and childbirth including miscarriage, and birth defects such as clubfoot, heart defects and gastroenteritis (the guts protruding through an opening in the abdominal wall). Smoking in pregnancy also increases the risk of the child being overweight or obese.

Childhood cancer (hematologist) where the mother or both parents smoked before and during pregnancy.

Childhood leukemia where the father or both parents smoked before the pregnancy.

Period pain and early menopause in women. Smoking may increase the risk for painful periods, missed periods and irregular periods. Women may also experience more menopausal symptoms.

Facial skin wrinkling tends to occur earlier.

Skin diseases, such as psoriasis and tendinitis suppuration (painful boils or abscesses in the groin and underarm).

Increased susceptibility to bacterial and viral infections, ranging from the common cold through to influenza, pneumonia, meningeal disease, legionnaires disease, tuberculosis, and bacterial vaginas.

Motor vehicle crashes, death from injury in accidents, house fire deaths, and burn injuries.

Alzheimer’s disease (dementia) and cognitive (brain function) decline.

Autoimmune diseases, including multiple sclerosis.

Hearing loss.

Poorer sense of smell and taste.

Lower fitness.

Sleep disorders.

More fat around the abdomen (gut), which raises the risk of heart disease, stroke, diabetes and metabolic problems.

Tooth decay and loss, and dental implant failure.

In combination with the contraceptive pill, smoking increases a woman’s risk of heart attack and stroke. This risk increases dramatically with age, particularly over the age of 35 years.

Diseases Caused by Smoking

Smoking causes several diseases. Some of these diseases are COPD (Cardio Pulmonary Disease), CHF (Congestive Heart Failure), Lung Cancer, Asthma, Pneumonia, and Emphysema, these are the lung related diseases which smoking cigarettes can cause. Other medical conditions caused or contributed to by smoking cigarettes are Arterial Sclerosis, Blood Clots, Stokes, Mouth and Stomach Cancers, as well as some other Cancers, Birth Defects, Low Birth weight, Premature Labor, Miscarriage. Smoking can also cause bad breath, things taste different, and home and clothing smell of smoke.

COPD (Cardio Pulmonary Disease)
Cardio Pulmonary Disease is a serious disease of the lungs and heart and blood stream. COPD causes breathing problems and makes the capillaries ability to put oxygen into the blood stream. The exchange of oxygen and Carbon dioxide in the capillaries is not efficiently exchanged.

CHF
CHF (Congestive Heart Failure) is heart disease. This causes not enough blood to be circulated in the body and also causes the heart tissue to slowly die. It also causes swelling due to the heart not being able to circulate the blood out of the lower extremities properly. This also causes fluid to build up around the heart and can cause heart failure.

Lung and other Cancers
Cancer caused by smoking cigarettes is caused by the carcinogens in cigarettes. Carcinogens are cancer causing agents which are inhaled when smoking cigarettes and also can enter the body when tobacco is smoked in a pipe, cigar or chewed. Mouth Cancer is more likely caused by chewing tobacco than smoking cigarettes, however mouth, throat and stomach cancers can be caused by smoking cigarettes as well. Carcinogens inside of the body can settle anywhere and cause just about any type of cancer.

Asthma, Pneumonia and Emphysema
Asthma is a disease of the lungs in which the bronchial tubes spasm and constrict. This narrowing of the bronchial tubes causes difficulty breathing and lack of oxygen to the body and organs. Asthma also causes the alveoli (the little nodules in the lungs which put oxygen into the blood stream) in the lungs, to become full of mucous and impede their ability to transfer oxygen into the blood stream. Extreme asthma attacks can cause the patient to be intubated to assist breathing. Severe asthma attacks can also cause pneumonia to develop. Pneumonia is fluid in the lungs which causes the lungs not to be able to fill with oxygen because of the fluid in the lungs. During both Asthma attacks and Pneumonia the oxygen levels in the blood stream can be reduced to the point of death. Oxygen levels are monitored carefully during both of these as well.

Asthma and Pneumonia can both be corrected if the patient quits smoking. The damage to lungs can be slowly reversed if caught early enough and the patient quits smoking soon enough. Emphysema is, however, not reversible. Emphysema is permanent damage to the lungs caused by smoking and repetitive Asthma attacks and Pneumonia episodes. This damage is scaring of the lungs, resulting in loss of elasticity of the lungs. Emphysema also causes the loss of elasticity of the lungs, the alveoli in the lungs cannot completely deflate and therefore the patient cannot get enough oxygen into the lungs because of the old air in the lungs. Emphysema also causes difficulty in exhaling completely due to the loss of elasticity of the lung. Old air is then left in the lung and alveoli and make it more difficult for the alveoli to exchange oxygen for the carbon dioxide in the lungs. This causes the rest of the body not to receive adequate oxygen to function. The patient has trouble breathing because of these conditions.

Arterial Sclerosis and Strokes and Blood Clots in body and Lungs
Arterial Sclerosis occurs when the arteries become blocked with fats which then turn into plaque and causes the arteries to harden. This plaque causes the arteries to become blocked and causes the arteries to no longer carry the blood to the various parts of the body. Smoking contributes to Arterial Sclerosis by making the blood more sticky and combines with cholesterols in the blood and turns into plaque. Smoking increases the chances of these plaques building up in arteries, in addition to other contributing factors. These plaques can also break off and become blood clots which completely block the arteries. Blood Clots can also cause strokes. The breaking off of these pieces of plaque and turning into a blood clot can enter a lung or the brain blocking the oxygen rich blood getting where it needs to be for normal function. Blood clots can lodge anywhere in the body and cause swelling and other symptoms based on where the clot lodges. Blood clots in the lungs can also cause death.